The Research Roundup provides an overview of the past week’s research from Mayo Medical Laboratories consultants, including featured abstracts and complete list of published studies and reviews.
Mayo Clinic researchers conducted a study to characterize isolated non-obstructive sinusoidal dilatation (SD) by identifying associated conditions, laboratory findings, and histological patterns. They identified 88 patients with non-obstructive SD. Inflammatory conditions were the most common cause. The most common pattern of liver abnormalities was cholestatic. The majority had localized SD to Zone III. Medication-related SD had higher proportion of portal hypertension, ascites, and median AST and ALT levels. Nineteen patients in the study died within one-year after diagnosis of SD, majority from complications related to underlying diseases. Based on the findings, a significant proportion of SD and hepatocellular plate atrophy exist without impaired hepatic venous outflow. Isolated SD on liver biopsy, in the absence of congestive hepatopathy, requires further evaluation and portal hypertension should be ruled out. The study was published in the World Journal of Hepatology.