Mayo Clinic laboratory and pathology research roundup: January 11

The research roundup provides an overview of the past week’s research from Mayo Clinic Laboratories consultants, including featured abstracts and a complete list of published studies and reviews.

Featured Abstract

Changing paradigms in diagnosis and treatment of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM).

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a highly heterogenous disease that exists along a continuous disease spectrum starting with premalignant conditions monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) that inevitably precede MM. Over the past two decades, significant progress has been made in the genetic characterization and risk stratification of precursor plasma cell disorders. Indeed, the clinical introduction of highly effective and well-tolerated drugs begs the question: would earlier therapeutic intervention with novel therapies in MGUS and SMM patients alter natural history, providing a potential curative option? In this review, we discuss the epidemiology of MGUS and SMM and current models for risk stratification that predict MGUS and SMM progression to MM. We further discuss genetic heterogeneity and clonal evolution in MM and the interplay between tumor cells and the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Finally, we provide an overview of the current recommendations for the management of MGUS and SMM and discuss the open controversies in the field in light of promising results from early intervention clinical trials. Via Leukemia

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Published to PubMed This Week

Samantha Rossi

Samantha Rossi is a Digital Marketing Manager at Mayo Clinic Laboratories. She supports marketing strategies for product management and specialty testing. Samantha has worked at Mayo Clinic since 2019.