Mayo Clinic Laboratory and pathology research roundup: November 9
The research roundup provides an overview of the past week’s research from Mayo Clinic Laboratories consultants, including featured abstracts and a complete list of published studies and reviews.
The SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: a multicenter randomized trial.
Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have a high burden of symptoms and functional limitations, and have a poor quality of life. By targeting cardiometabolic abmormalities, sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors may improve these impairments. In this multicenter, randomized trial of patients with HFpEF (NCT03030235), we evaluated whether the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin improves the primary endpoint of Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Clinical Summary Score (KCCQ-CS), a measure of heart failure-related health status, at 12 weeks after treatment initiation. Secondary endpoints included the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), KCCQ Overall Summary Score (KCCQ-OS), clinically meaningful changes in KCCQ-CS and -OS, and changes in weight, natriuretic peptides, glycated hemoglobin and systolic blood pressure. In total, 324 patients were randomized to dapagliflozin or placebo. Dapagliflozin improved KCCQ-CS (effect size, 5.8 points (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.3-9.2, P = 0.001), meeting the predefined primary endpoint, due to improvements in both KCCQ total symptom score (KCCQ-TS) (5.8 points (95% CI 2.0-9.6, P = 0.003)) and physical limitations scores (5.3 points (95% CI 0.7-10.0, P = 0.026)). Dapagliflozin also improved 6MWT (mean effect size of 20.1 m (95% CI 5.6-34.7, P = 0.007)), KCCQ-OS (4.5 points (95% CI 1.1-7.8, P = 0.009)), proportion of participants with 5-point or greater improvements in KCCQ-OS (odds ratio (OR) = 1.73 (95% CI 1.05-2.85, P = 0.03)) and reduced weight (mean effect size, 0.72 kg (95% CI 0.01-1.42, P = 0.046)). There were no significant differences in other secondary endpoints. Adverse events were similar between dapagliflozin and placebo (44 (27.2%) versus 38 (23.5%) patients, respectively). These results indicate that 12 weeks of dapagliflozin treatment significantly improved patient-reported symptoms, physical limitations and exercise function and was well tolerated in chronic HFpEF.
Published to PubMed This Week
- ALK+ histiocytosis: a new clinicopathologic spectrum highlighting neurologic involvement and responses to ALK inhibition.
- Congenital disorder of glycosylation caused by starting site-specific variant in syntaxin-5.
- Spectrum of sublytic astrocytopathy in neuromyelitis optica.
- Prognostic significance of acquired 1q22 gain in multiple myeloma.
American Journal of Hematology
- MAPK and JAK-STAT pathways dysregulation in plasmablastic lymphoma.
- Molecular characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with Neurofibromin 1-altered metastatic colorectal cancer.
- COVID-19 Vaccine-breakthrough infections requiring hospitalization in Mayo Clinic Florida through August 2021.
Clinical of Infectious Diseases
- Clinical and infection prevention applications of SARS-CoV-2 genotyping: An IDSA/ASM consensus review document.
Clinical of Infectious Diseases
- Challenges in translating clinical metabolomics data sets from the bench to the bedside.
- Cladribine therapy for advanced and indolent systemic mastocytosis: Mayo Clinic experience in 42 consecutive cases.
British Journal of Haematology