The research roundup provides an overview of the past week’s research from Mayo Clinic Laboratories consultants, including featured abstracts and a complete list of published studies and reviews.
Sequencing is increasingly used for infective endocarditis (IE) diagnosis. Here, the performance of 16S rRNA gene PCR/sequencing of heart valves utilized in routine clinical practice was compared with conventional IE diagnostics. Subjects whose heart valves were sent to the clinical microbiology laboratory for 16S rRNA gene PCR/sequencing from August 2020 through February 2022 were studied. A PCR assay targeting V1 to V3 regions of the 16S rRNA gene was performed, followed by Sanger and/or next-generation sequencing (NGS) (using an Illumina MiSeq), or reported as negative, depending on an algorithm that included the PCR cycle threshold value.