An autoimmune cause means a potentially reversible course
If autoimmune dementia is misdiagnosed as an irreversible progressive neurodegenerative disorder, it may delay a correct diagnosis beyond the window of reversibility (6–12 months) and result in devastating consequences for the patient and family. An accurate diagnosis and early-initiated immunotherapy give patients the best possible outcome.
Among Mayo Clinic patients diagnosed with and treated for an autoimmune dementia, 35% were initially misdiagnosed as having a neurodegenerative disorder.
Consider autoimmune testing for patients presenting with new-onset dementia or cognitive impairment and one or more of the following:
Our autoimmune dementia evaluation is part of an evolving approach to testing for autoimmune neurological disorders using phenotypic-specific evaluations that include multiple antibodies known for their disease association.
A Test in Focus
Sean Pittock, M.D., gives an overview of the dementia autoimmune evaluations. He discusses when this testing should be ordered, how this testing compares to previous testing approaches, and what clinical action can be taken due to the results of this testing.
Dementia with Lewy bodies is a disease that can be tricky to diagnose. That's because symptoms are often similar to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.