Research Roundup

This week's research roundup feature: Monoclonal immunoglobulin (MIg) crystalline nephropathies are rare lesions resulting from precipitation of MIgs in the kidney as crystalline inclusions. They can be categorized into lesions with predominant intracellular crystals (light chain [LC] proximal tubulopathy, LC crystal-storing histiocytosis, LC crystalline podocytopathy] and lesions with predominant extracellular crystals (crystalglobulin-induced nephropathy, crystalline variant of LC cast nephropathy).

By Sarah Jarvis • May 21, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Despite advances in understanding the genetic abnormalities in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and the development of JAK2 inhibitors, there is an urgent need to devise new treatment strategies, particularly for triple negative myelofibrosis (MF) patients who lack mutations in the JAK2 kinase pathway and have very poor clinical outcomes.

By Sarah Jarvis • May 14, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: To standardize international normalized ratio (INR) measurements and improve data integrity by enabling electronic result transmission for warfarin monitoring, two point-of-care (POC) devices were evaluated against an internal plasma INR reference method.

By Sarah Jarvis • May 7, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) may have Alzheimers disease (AD) pathology that can be detected by plasma biomarkers. Our objective was to evaluate plasma biomarkers of AD and their association with positron emission tomography (PET) biomarkers of amyloid and tau deposition in the continuum of DLB, starting from prodromal stages of the disease.

By Sarah Jarvis • April 30, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Only 20 percent of renal and bladder cancer patients will show a significant response to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy, and no test currently available accurately predicts ICI response. We developed an "immunotumoroid" cell model system that recapitulates the tumor, its microenvironment, and necessary immune system components in patient-derived spheroids to enable ex vivo assessment of tumor response to ICI therapy.

By Sarah Jarvis • April 23, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: R0 resection and radiation therapy have been associated with improved overall survival (OS) in patients with thymic carcinoma (TC). Here, we analyzed which subgroups of patients derive the greatest benefit from postoperative radiation therapy (PORT).

By Sarah Jarvis • April 16, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Intrathecal delivery of autologous culture-expanded adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSC) could be utilized to treat traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). This Phase I trial ( NCT03308565) included 10 patients with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grade A or B at the time of injury. 

By Sarah Jarvis • April 9, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma of germinal center origin, which presents with significant biologic and clinical heterogeneity. Using RNA-seq on B cells sorted from 87 FL biopsies, combined with machine-learning approaches, we identify 3 transcriptional states that divide the biological ontology of FL B cells into inflamed, proliferative, and chromatin-modifying states, with relationship to prior GC B cell phenotypes.

By Sarah Jarvis • April 2, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Implant-associated infections (IAIs) pose serious threats to patients and can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. These infections may be difficult to diagnose due, in part, to biofilm formation on device surfaces, and because even when microbes are found, their clinical significance may be unclear. Despite recent advances in laboratory testing, IAIs remain a diagnostic challenge.

By Sarah Jarvis • March 26, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: The revised 4th edition of the World Health Organization (WHO4R) classification lists myelodysplastic syndromes with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS) as a separate entity with single lineage (MDS-RS-SLD) or multilineage (MDS-RS-MLD) dysplasia. The more recent International Consensus Classification (ICC) distinguishes between MDS with SF3B1 mutation (MDS-SF3B1) and MDS-RS without SF3B1 mutation; the latter is instead included under the category of MDS not otherwise specified. The current study includes 170 Mayo Clinic patients with WHO4R-defined MDS-RS, including MDS-RS-SLD (N=83) and MDS-RS-MLD (N=87); a subset of 145 patients were also evaluable for the presence of SF3B1 and other mutations, including 126 with (87%) and 19 (13%) without SF3B1 mutation.

By Sarah Jarvis • March 19, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is a rare disease resulting from dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. C3G includes C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD), both of which are characterized by bright glomerular C3 staining on immunofluorescence studies. However, on electron microscopy (EM), DDD is characterized by dense osmiophilic mesangial and intramembranous deposits along the glomerular basement membranes (GBM), while the deposits of C3GN are not dense. Why the deposits appear dense in DDD and not in C3GN is not known. We performed laser microdissection (LCM) of glomeruli followed by mass spectrometry (MS) in 12 cases each of DDD, C3GN, and pretransplant kidney control biopsies.

By Sarah Jarvis • March 12, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Variants of uncertain significance (VUSs) in BRCA2 are a common result of hereditary cancer genetic testing. While more than 4,000 unique VUSs, comprised of missense or intronic variants, have been identified in BRCA2, the few missense variants now classified clinically as pathogenic or likely pathogenic are predominantly located in the region encoding the C-terminal DNA binding domain (DBD). We report on functional evaluation of the influence of 462 BRCA2 missense variants affecting the DBD on DNA repair activity of BRCA2 using a homology-directed DNA double-strand break repair assay.

By Sarah Jarvis • March 5, 2024

This week's research roundup feature: Both targeted therapies and immunotherapies provide benefit in resected Stage III melanoma. We hypothesized that the combination of targeted and immunotherapy given prior to therapeutic lymph node dissection (TLND) would be tolerable and drive robust pathologic responses. 

By Sarah Jarvis • February 27, 2024